Homosexuality in ancient Greece , Pederasty in ancient Greece , and Prostitution in ancient Greece In ancient Greece , the phallus , often in the form of a herma , was an object of worship as a symbol of fertility. This finds expression in Greek sculpture and other artworks. One ancient Greek male idea of female sexuality was that women envied penises of males. Wives were considered as commodity and instruments for bearing legitimate children. They had to compete sexually with eromenoi , hetaeras and slaves in their own homes.